Acne is a common skin issue caused by clogged hair follicles and oil glands, resulting in pimples and blackheads, especially on the face and upper body. Hormones, particularly during puberty, trigger excess oil production. Treatments vary from over-the-counter solutions to prescription medications, tailored to the severity of the condition. Consulting a dermatologist is key for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Acne emerges from excess oil, clogged follicles, bacteria, and inflammation. Hormones trigger oil, clogging pores. Dead cells and oil create plugs, fostering bacteria. Immune responses lead to inflammation and typical symptoms. Genetics, diet, and stress also contribute. Management tackles these factors.
Some of those symptoms are:
Antibiotics treatments, either topical or tablets should not be used continuously for more than 3 months, because this leads to antibiotic resistance.
If acne is well controlled after 3 to 6 months, reduce the frequency of topical applications, or stop using treatment altogether. Acne may not come back, but if it does, treatment can be started again
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