It is a middle ear infection also called 'Otitis media' caused by viruses such as influenza or colds and common bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. It affects adults and more frequently children. This infection causes inflammation of the nasal passages, throat and Eustachian tubes. Recurrent ear infections can cause serious complications.
Ear infections are usually caused by bacteria or viruses that enter the ear through the Eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear to the back of the throat. The tube can become blocked due to allergies, colds, or sinus infections, leading to fluid accumulation and an environment that is conducive to bacterial or viral growth. Other possible causes include trauma, exposure to irritants or pollutants, and genetics.
The symptoms of an ear infection can vary depending on the location and severity of the infection, but they typically include:
Mild ear infections are usually cured with immune system intervention and antibiotics are not needed. Home care is recommended, including rest and drinking plenty of water. Analgesics will also be necessary to relieve fever and pain.
In severe cases or when symptoms last more than 2-3 days, amoxicillin is prescribed to treat the infection.
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