It is a disorder that causes difficulty in falling asleep, causing sleeplessness during the night and making it impossible to fall asleep again. People suffering from insomnia may wake up tired, have no energy during the day, low moods deteriorating their quality of life and work performance. There are two types of insomnia: short-term insomnia, which can last for days or weeks, and chronic or long-term insomnia, which can last for a month or longer.
Insomnia, a sleep disorder, can stem from stress, anxiety, and poor sleep habits. Lifestyle factors like excessive caffeine, irregular sleep patterns, and technology usage before bed can disrupt sleep. Underlying medical conditions such as depression, pain, and sleep disorders contribute to its development. Environmental factors like noise and uncomfortable sleep settings also play a role. Overall, insomnia results from a combination of psychological, lifestyle, medical, and environmental influences.
Insomnia may be associated with stress, poor sleep habits, or daily life events. To prevent insomnia and achieve a deep sleep at night it is important to follow good habits such as avoiding caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol, waking up and going to bed at the same time each day, avoiding abundant food before going to sleep, limiting naps during the day, physical activity, rituals such as warm baths, reading or listening to music. It is also important to verify if any medication may be causing insomnia.
The most common symptoms of Insomnia are:
Change habits to help improve the symptoms of insomnia. When the disorder does not improve the specialist recommends relaxation therapies, stimulus control therapies, cognitive therapy to develop good sleep habits and prescription medications such as Eszopiclone (Lunesta) Remeton (Rozerem), Zaleplon (Sonata), Zlpiden (Ambien, Edluar, Intermezzo, Zolpimist) and over-the-counter sleeping pills.
You are consulting a general practitioner, not a psychologist. We only treat and diagnose mild cases of depression or anxiety. However, we do not offer counseling or treat severe or complex cases. We do not prescribe any drugs to control signs and symptoms.
Consult a psychiatrist, psychologists, and other mental health experts when you require medication for severe or difficult to control symptoms.
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