Acid reflux is a digestive disease that occurs when stomach acid backs up through the digestive tube that connects the stomach and mouth called the esophagus. The lining of the esophagus is irritated by acid backing up from the stomach into the mouth. This disease appears from time to time and can be improved, in other cases it can be more frequent and requires a more complex treatment.
Acid reflux is primarily caused by a weak lower esophageal sphincter (LES), hiatal hernia, dietary triggers (e.g., fatty and spicy foods), overeating, obesity, smoking, pregnancy, certain medications, alcohol and caffeine consumption, stress, and delayed stomach emptying. These factors can result in stomach acid flowing back into the esophagus, leading to acid reflux symptoms.
Reflux can affect people of all ages, with the following tips you can prevent it:
Signs and symptoms of Acid Reflux are:
Acid Reflux treatment includes ,Over-the-counter medications such as:
H2 Blockers: Cimetidine and Famotidine
Proton pump inhibitors: Lanzoprazole and Omeprazole.
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