Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease which can be caused by two viruses. Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1) and Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2). Oral herpes triggered by HSV-1 can be transmitted from the mouth to genitals through oral sex. Therefore, some cases of genital herpes are caused by HSV-1. Genital Herpes can be transmitted through oral, vaginal, and/or anal sex with a person who has virus. While there is no cure for herpes, there are treatments that can prevent and/or shorten an outbreak.
Genital herpes is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person's skin or bodily fluids during sexual activity. The virus can be spread even if there are no visible symptoms. Using barrier methods can help reduce the risk of transmission, but the best way to prevent the spread of genital herpes is to avoid sexual contact with an infected person or to be in a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has tested negative for the virus.
Preventing the spread of genital herpes involves the following measures:
The signs and symptoms of herpes can vary depending on the location of the infection and the type of herpes virus.
Effective medications recommended for treatment of oral herpes are antiviral medications. These medications can prevent cold sores or shorten outbreaks. Daily suppressive therapy can also reduce the likelihood of transmission to partners.
Answer a 5-minute online questionnaire